Study Goals and Aids

Overall Course Goals

In addition to the specific and more detailed goals listed for each topic we study, we have overall goals, things that we want to take away with us from the course. The individual study topics and goals are simply a means to the more general end. We want to:

Chapters 1 and 2

  1. Review structural ideas from general chemistry, including:

    • the Octet Rule and Lewis structures;

      • formal charges;

      • predicting molecular shape from Lewis structures

    • electronegativity;

      • Ionic vs covalent bonding

    • polar bonds and polar molecules;

    • Bronsted acid-base chemistry;

    • Lewis acid and bases

    • resonance and delocalization of electrons;

    • Structure of atomic orbitals

    • Hybridization of atomic orbitals

      When you have finished these reviews, you should be able to:

    • Quickly and accurately draw Lewis structures

      Identify Lewis and Bronsted acids and bases and write their reactions

      Identify the hybridization of atoms in a molecular structure and describe the approximate geometry of those atoms

  2. Be able to use several new notations for describing molecular structure

    • condensed notation

    • line notation

    • dash-wedge notation for 3-D pictures

Chapter 3

When you have finished this chapter you should

Chapter 4

When you have finished this chapter, you should

Chapter 5

This chapter introduces us to chirality, the property of being non-superposable on one's mirror image. It involves much manipulation of 2-D images as if they were 3-D. Use your model kit both while reading the chapter and while working the problems.

When we have finished the Chapter, you should:

Here is a summary of the principal ideas in this chapter.

Chapter 13

We're jumping out of order here to begin to answer the question, "How do they know the molecule looks like that?" How do we know the structures of the complex molecules we have been writing?

When you finish this Chapter, you should:

Chapter 14

Here is our table of 1H and 13C chemical shifts:

Here's an outline of the basic procedure to use in solving structures: [CLICK]

Chapter 6

When you have finished this chapter, you should be able to:

Chapters 7 and 8

We consider Chapters 7 and 8 together because the reactions in them are inseparable, largely occuring in the same reaction mixture at the same time. In your text, Chapter 7 focuses on substitution, Chapter 8 on elimination.

When you have finished these Chapters you should

Use this flow chart to help in making predictions.

 

Chapter 9

When we have finished this chapter you should be able to:

Here is a summary of reactions of alcohols; it includes some oxidation reactions that you will not see until next semester.

Chapter 10

When we have finished this chapter, you should be able to:

Here is a summary of the reactions of alkenes; again, it includes some oxidation reactions that you will not see until next semester:

 

Here's how to use FLASHCARDS to learn reactions.

Chapter 11

  • Understand the electronic structure of alkynes and how it leads to their chemical properties:

    • terminal alkynes are weak acids
    • alkynes undergo electrophilic addition reactions

  • Learn the electrophilic addition reactions of alkynes with:

    • HX
    • X2
    • Hg++, H2O
    • R2BH

    Here's a summary of the addition reactions:

  • Be able to use all of the above reactions retrosynthetically


This page last modified 1:37 PM on Wednesday October 16th, 2013.
Webmaster, Department of Chemistry, University of Maine, Orono, ME 04469